The tile is popular flooring and walls of room’s bathroom where surfaces need to be resistant to water and moisture. Although a bit more expensive than linoleum for the floor, or fiberglass for the walls of the shower, tile increases the value of a house and gives a quality appearance. The installation of tiles in your bathroom is a project that can carry out yourself with the right tools and preparation.
Installing tile on the floor
- Reinforces the subfloor before installing the tile. The method that is often used is the smoothing cement adhesive layer on the floor covering with base plate cement before curing. Screws used to secure the plate. This provides a solid and secure surface for tile installation.
- Start at the center of your room when you place the first tile. Make two straight chalk lines to use as guides. The first should go to the middle of the longest wall, parallel to the wall in the exact center of your room. The other line must be perpendicular to the first between the adjacent walls. Using the longest wall guide will reduce the effect of an area of uneven ground.
- Lying on the floor an even layer of cement glue on your starting point, keeping a part of the visible chalk line to use as reference. Use the end of the notched trowel to spread the layer with a thickness of about 1/4 inch (6 mm).
- Place the starting tile in the corner of your chalk line and put in place on the cement glue. If you want you can place spacers on each side and add more tiles, keeping them level with which you’ve placed and with the guidelines.
- Continue until you reach the end of the wall. Measure and cut the outer tiles using the saw to fit. A wet saw is better than a dry because it reduces the heat generated by the blade, preventing the tiles from dust and chipping. Setting waits 24 hours before applying the grout.
- Mix the grout according to package directions. You can use grout with or without sand, although containing sand is normally used for floors and has no sand is used in the walls. Use a float to spread the grout between the tiles. Allow the grout to dry for 20 to 30 minutes, and then clean with a sponge or a damp cloth with the leftovers. When completely dry, rinse the tile with a damp cloth for cleaning. Wait 24 hours and apply a grout sealer according to package directions to avoid stains.
Tile installation on the wall
- Prepare the walls to place the tile with a panel of moisture resistant gypsum if it will not be in direct contact with water. For shower walls, installing a concrete base plate screwed into place.
- Measure and mark straight lines of chalk on the wall as you did on the floor, placing the lines start in the middle of the wall.
- Spread the tile adhesive to the surface to hold it in place. Use a notched trowel to spread the glue evenly. Press the tiles in place, working quickly to place before the glue dries. It is important to use glue instead of cement tile glue because it dries faster, although this reduces the period in which you can move the tile.
- If you want you can use spacers, although wall tiles usually come with them built to ensure consistent spacing between the tiles. Wait at least 24 hours before applying the grout.
- Mix the grout according to package directions. Use a trowel to spread it between the tiles. It allows drying between 20 and 30 minutes, then clean the tile with a sponge or a damp cloth. When completely dry, rinse with a damp cloth to clean it completely. Wait 24 hours and apply a grout sealer according to package directions to avoid stains. Apply silicone caulk around the perimeter and in the corners, then quickly removes excess with a clean cloth dipped in rubbing alcohol. The silicone which dries on the tile is difficult to remove.
Tips & Warnings
- Use proper eye protection when cutting tile.
- Wear gloves when working with grout or caulking